Various statutes affect the administrative operation of the commissioners court.
In order to carry out certain responsibilities, the commissioners court is authorized to issue bonds for certain purposes. Commissioners are also responsible for management of debt incurred by the sale of such bonds.
The commissioners court is solely responsible for setting the county budget. Each Road & Bridge Precinct has a separate operating budget, managed by the Commissioner of that precinct. This budget is used for salaries, purchasing equipment, and general maintenance and upkeep for roads and bridges of each precinct.
Commissioners have the general business responsibility for the county as well as contracting authority. Counties may enter into contracts or cooperative agreements with other local governments to accomplish mutually beneficial purposes, with the state for various services, and with private entities for services or supplies.
The commissioners court is responsible for the holding of general and special elections of the county. Special elections include those authorizing creation of special districts, issuance of bonds, and other purposes.
The commissioners court has financial responsibility for the county, setting the tax rate, authorizing expenditures, and issuing bonds. This enumeration includes other statutes related to the commissioners' responsibility for fiscal operation of the county.
The commissioners court has certain responsibilities to the judicial operations at the county level.
Offices, Boards & Commissions
Commissioners create offices, boards, and commissions to carry out certain purposes.
Commissioners court is also responsible for providing buildings for use as offices and other operating facilities for the county.
Commissioners appoint certain officers to handle other personnel-related duties, such as, fire marshall, constable, additional deputies and librarian
Public Health & Welfare
A general responsibility of the commissioners court is to provide for the public health and welfare. Provision for public welfare may include social services, libraries and parks and recreation. Specific statutes affect some activities in this general area.
The commissioners court has responsibilities in regard to water supply, irrigation and drainage, waste disposal, clean air and agriculture.
Counties have statutorily specified regulatory responsibilities. Additionally, in some cases they have an advisory role with state agencies.